Cranes and hoists

Slewing mobile cranes

Slewing mobile cranes are mobile cranes incorporating a boom or jib that can be slewed. It excludes a front-end loader, a backhoe, an excavator or similar equipment when configured for crane operation. The licence class encompasses the requirement for the non-slewing mobile crane operation licence and the vehicle loading crane operation licence.

  • CO Slewing mobile crane – with a capacity over 100 tonnes
  • C1 Slewing mobile crane – with a capacity up to 100 tonnes
  • C6 Slewing mobile crane – with a capacity up to 60 tonnes
  • C2 Slewing mobile crane – with a capacity up to 20 tonnes

CB Bridge and gantry crane

The scope for this licence class covers the operation of all bridge and gantry cranes.

A bridge crane consists of a bridge beam or beams mounted to an end carriage at each end and is capable of traveling along elevated runways and having one or more hoisting mechanisms arranged to traverse across the bridge.

A gantry crane consists of a bridge beam supported at each end by legs mounted on end carriages, capable of traveling on supporting surfaces or deck levels, whether fixed or not, including a crab with one or more hoisting units arranged to travel across the bridge.

A licence is required if the bridge or gantry crane is controlled from a permanent cabin or control station on the crane or is remotely controlled and having more than 3 powered operations. This includes the application of load estimation and slinging techniques to move a load.

CD Derrick crane

A derrick crane is a slewing strut-boom crane with the boom pivoted at the base of a mast which is either guyed (guy-derrick) or held by backstays (stiff-leg derrick) and which is capable of luffing under load.

CN Non-slewing mobile crane

The scope for this licence is for the operation of a non-slewing mobile crane with a capacity greater than 3 tonnes.

A non-slewing mobile crane is a powered mobile crane that incorporates a boom or jib which does not slew and includes an articulated mobile crane or a locomotive crane but excludes a crane engaged in vehicle tow truck operation. If you hold a slewing mobile crane operation licence or equivalent, you may also operate a non-slewing mobile crane.

CP Portal boom crane

The scope of this licence class covers the operation of all portal boom cranes. A portal boom crane means a powered boom crane or jib crane mounted on a portal frame that is supported on runways that the crane may travel along.

CS Self erecting tower crane

The scope for this licence class covers the operation of all self-erecting tower cranes.

A self-erecting tower crane is a type of crane with tower and boom/jib elements that do not dismantle into component sections. Self-erecting tower cranes can be transported between sites as a complete unit. The erection and dismantling process is a fundamental part of the cranes function.

Self-erecting tower cranes lift themselves from the ground or lift an upper, telescoping section using jacks, allowing the next section of the tower to be inserted at ground level or lifted into place by the partially erected crane. Therefore they can be assembled without outside help, and can grow together with the building or structure they are erecting.

CT Tower crane

The scope for this licence class covers the operation of all tower cranes.

A tower crane has a boom or a jib mounted on a tower structure, demountable or permanent, including both horizontal and luffing jib types.

Tower cranes are fixed to the ground on a concrete slab (and sometimes attached to the sides of structures). Tower cranes often give the best combination of height and lifting capacity and are used in the construction of tall buildings. The base is then attached to the mast which gives the crane its height. The mast is attached to the slewing unit (gear and motor) that allows the crane to rotate. On top of the slewing unit there are three main parts which are: the long horizontal jib (working arm), shorter counter-jib, and the operators cab.

The long horizontal jib is the part of the crane that carries the load. The counter-jib carries a counterweight, usually of concrete blocks, while the jib suspends the load to and from the center of the crane. The crane operator either sits in a cab at the top of the tower or controls the crane by radio remote control from the ground.

CV Vehicle Loading Crane

The scope for this licence class covers the operation of all vehicle loading cranes with a capacity of ten metre tonnes or more including the application of load estimation and slinging techniques to move a load.

A vehicle loading crane is a crane mounted on a vehicle for the principal purpose of loading and unloading the vehicle. You may also operate a vehicle loading crane if you hold a slewing mobile crane operation licence.

HM Materials hoist

The scope for this licence class covers the operation of materials platform hoists.

A materials hoist means a powered builder's hoist where only goods or materials and not personnel, may be hoisted. The car, bucket or platform is cantilevered from, and travels up and down externally, to a face of the support structure. Materials platform hoists may also be operated by anyone holding a hoist (personnel and materials) operation licence or equivalent.

HP Personnel and materials hoist

A materials or personnel hoist is a powered builder's hoist where personnel, goods and/or materials are hoisted. It comprises a car, structure, machinery or other equipment associated with the hoist, and may be either a cantilever hoist, tower hoist or a multiple winch operation. Included in this definition are situations where winches may be configured to operate as hoists for the transportation of personnel.

It excludes a mast climber, building maintenance unit, suspending scaffold, jump for or slip form. This licence encompasses the requires for the material hoist (cantilever platform operation licence).

PB Concrete placing boom

A concrete placing boom is plant incorporating an articulating boom, capable of power operated slewing and luffing to place concrete by way of pumping through a pipeline attached to, or forming part of, the boom of the plant.

Please note the description for this licence class has been altered and no longer refers to mobile truck-mounted concrete placing booms only i.e. operators of satellite concrete placing booms are required to hold a high risk work licence.

WP Boom type elevating work platform

The scope for this licence covers the operation of all boom-type elevating work platforms. An elevating work platform is either a telescoping device, hinged device, articulated device or any combination of these used to support a platform on which personnel, equipment or materials may be elevated to perform work.You do not require a licence if the boom length is less than 11 metres.

The length of the boom is the greater of the following:

  • the vertical distance from the surface supporting the boom-type elevating work platform to the floor of the platform with the platform extended to its maximum height
  • the horizontal distance from the centre point of the boom's rotation to the outer edge of the platform with the platform extended to its maximum distance.

RS Reach stacker

The reach stacker licence covers powered reach stackers of greater than three tonne capacity that incorporate an attachment for lifting, lowering, moving and travelling with a shipping container. This does not include a portainer crane.

You will be exempt from holding reach stacker licence until 31 December 2013. Persons wishing to continue to operate a reach stacker past this date will need to obtain the appropriate reach stacker high risk work licence.